Jobs Housing Balance

For transportation planning purposes, it is useful to understand growth patterns east and west of the Rio Grande given the implications for travel along the river crossings. There has been a historical imbalance of jobs and housing west of the Rio Grande, which results in heavily directional travel eastbound in the AM peak commuting hours and westbound during the PM peak, and existing congestion on our river crossings is expected to become much worse. The tables highlights the existing and forecast jobs-to-housing ratios for several geographies.

Jobs to Housing Ratio East and West of the Rio Grande by Geography 2012

Area Albuquerque Bernalillo County
Albuquerque Metropolitan Planning Area
MRCOG Region
East 1.44 1.51 1.39 1.35
West 0.46 0.50 0.56 0.56
Total 1.17 1.19 1.06 1.04

Jobs to Housing Ratio East and West of the Rio Grande by Geography 2013

Jobs housing ratio equals the number of jobs divided by number of homes.
Area Albuquerque Bernalillo County
Albuquerque Metropolitan Planning Area
MRCOG Region
East 1.42 1.46 1.35 1.30
West 0.58 0.55 0.65 0.64
Total 1.19 1.15 1.04 1.02

Results

The region’s overall jobs-to-housing ratio was at 1.04 in 2012, and is expected to decline just slightly to 1.02 in 2040 as population grows slightly faster than jobs. The imbalance on the Westside of 0.56 jobs for each home in 2012 is expected to improve over the forecast period to 0.64; however, it remains substantially lower than the Eastside’s ratio of 1.35.

The 2040 forecast anticipates that just over half of all new housing and 40 percent of all new jobs will locate west of the river. In all, 96,000 new housing units (a 64 percent increase) and 74,000 new jobs (an 87 percent increase) are projected west of the Rio Grande between 2012 and 2040.